SelecTree: Tree Detail

SILVER FIR
Abies alba

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Photo Locations: Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and UC Davis - Davis, CA

General Notes

Columnar with dark green leaves with silver underneath.

Has fragrant Bark and Leaf.

Native to Southwestern United States.

Family: Pinaceae

Additional Common Names

SILVER FIR, EUROPEAN SILVER FIR

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 80 - 150 feet.

Width: 11 - 20 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Blue Green or Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Yellow to Green, Ripening to Brown Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.

Bark Light Gray, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Very Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 8.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Oak Root Fungus. Susceptible to Aphids, Fir Engraver Beetle, Bagworm, Cottony Cushion Scale, Balsam Twig Aphid, Spruce Spider Mite and Beetle Borers, Mistletoe, Oak Root Rot, Root Rot, Indian Paint, Cytospora and Rust.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.

Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Special Uses & Values

Bonsai.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Abies alba Tree Record." 1995-2017. Dec 16, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/abies-alba >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.