SelecTree: Tree Detail

WHITE FIR
Abies concolor

Abies concolor Abies concolor Abies concolor Abies concolor Abies concolor Abies concolor Abies concolor Abies concolor Abies concolor Abies concolor Abies concolor Abies concolor Abies concolor Abies concolor Abies concolor

Photo Locations: Kwantlen Polytechnic University, Langley, B.C., Grand Canyon, AZ, Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT, Regional Parks Botanic Garden, Tilden Regional Park - Berkeley, CA, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR

General Notes

Best growth on deep, permeable soils with abundant moisture at mid- to high elevations. Commonly grown Western native at mid-elevation and coastal mountains. regions. Fine Christmas tree. Although this tree can reach a height of 120 feet in its native habitat, it is much slower growing in landscaped settings and much shorter heights are common. Closely related to A. grandis. Shade tolerant.

Has fragrant Bark and Leaf.

Native to Southwestern United States.

An Abies concolor in Yosemite National Park is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 217 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 276 inches and a crown spread of 39 feet.

Family: Pinaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 40 - 50 feet.

Width: 15 - 25 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Blue Green or Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown or Purple Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.

Bark Light Gray, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Very Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 9 and 14 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 7.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Oak Root Fungus. Susceptible to Aphids, Fir Engraver Beetle, Bagworm, Cottony Cushion Scale, Balsam Twig Aphid, Spruce Spider Mite and Beetle Borers, Mistletoe, Oak Root Rot, Root Rot, Indian Paint, Cytospora and Rust.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.

Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Special Uses & Values

Bonsai.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Abies concolor Tree Record." 1995-2017. Dec 11, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/abies-concolor >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.