SelecTree: Tree Detail

GRAND FIR
Abies grandis

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Photo Locations: South Delta - B.C., Joffre Lakes Provincial Park - Whistler, B.C., Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA.

General Notes

Thrive on deep, well-drained alluvial soils. Used as a Christmas tree.

Has fragrant Bark and Leaf.

Native to North and Southwestern United States.

An Abies grandis in Redwood National Park is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 257 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 245 inches and a crown spread of 36 feet.

Family: Pinaceae

Additional Common Names

LOWLAND FIR, GRAND FIR

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 80 - 200 feet.

Width: 15 - 25 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Medium to Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Green or Yellow. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown or Purple Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Winter or Summer.

Bark Light Green or Light Gray, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Very Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 9 and 14 - 17.

USDA Hardiness Zones 6 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist but Well Drained Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Beetle Borers, Oak Root Rot, Root Rot and Rust.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.

Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Abies grandis Tree Record." 1995-2017. Dec 11, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/abies-grandis >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.