SelecTree: Tree Detail

ALPINE FIR
Abies lasiocarpa

Abies lasiocarpa Abies lasiocarpa Abies lasiocarpa Abies lasiocarpa Abies lasiocarpa Abies lasiocarpa Abies lasiocarpa Abies lasiocarpa

Photo Locations: Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, Regional Parks Botanic Garden, Tilden Regional Park - Berkeley, CA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA.

General Notes

Does poorly on soils very wet much of the year. Does poorly on rocky or gravelly soils.

Has fragrant Bark and Leaf.

Native to Alaska, Washington, and Oregon.

Family: Pinaceae

Additional Common Names

ALPINE FIR, ROCKY MOUNTAIN FIR

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 60 - 90 feet.

Width: 15 - 20 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Blue Green or Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown or Purple Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.

Bark Cream, Light Gray or Red Brown, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Very Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 9 and 14 - 17.

USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 6.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Wet to Moist Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Beetle Borers, Oak Root Rot, Root Rot and Rust.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Special Uses & Values

Bonsai.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Abies lasiocarpa Tree Record." 1995-2017. Dec 11, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/abies-lasiocarpa >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.