SelecTree: Tree Detail

RED FIR
Abies magnifica

Abies magnifica

Photo Locations: Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument

General Notes

Sensitive to smoke and other air pollution. Grown for use as Christmas trees.

Has fragrant Bark and Leaf.

Native to Southern Oregon and Northern California.

An Abies magnifica in Yosemite National Park is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 172 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 365 inches and a crown spread of 41 feet.

Family: Pinaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 80 - 120 feet.

Width: 15 - 20 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Blue Green or Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown or Purple Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter or Summer.

Bark Red Brown, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Very Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 2 - 7.

USDA Hardiness Zones 6 - 8.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay or Loam Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Acidic Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Beetle Borers, Oak Root Rot, Root Rot, Annosus Root Disease, Indian Paint, Mistletoe, Cytospora, Melamspora Rust, Fir Engraver Beetle and Rust.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

None Known Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.

Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Abies magnifica Tree Record." 1995-2017. Dec 11, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/abies-magnifica >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.