SelecTree: Tree Detail

NORDMANN FIR
Abies nordmanniana

Abies nordmanniana Abies nordmanniana Abies nordmanniana Abies nordmanniana Abies nordmanniana Abies nordmanniana Abies nordmanniana Abies nordmanniana Abies nordmanniana Abies nordmanniana Abies nordmanniana Abies nordmanniana Abies nordmanniana Abies nordmanniana Abies nordmanniana

Photo Locations: Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA.

General Notes

Can grow much taller in the wild, but usually smaller outside its natural habitat.

Has fragrant Bark and Leaf.

Native to Caucasus, Asia Minor, and Greece.

Family: Pinaceae

Additional Common Names

NORDMANN FIR, CAUCASIAN FIR

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 30 - 50 feet.

Width: 20 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown or Red Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Winter.

Bark Dark Brown or Dark Gray, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Very Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 11 and 14 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Aphids, Phytophthora and Root Rot.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

None Known Health Hazard.

Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Special Uses & Values

Bonsai.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Abies nordmanniana Tree Record." 1995-2017. Dec 11, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/abies-nordmanniana >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.