SelecTree: Tree Detail

COMMON HORSECHESTNUT
Aesculus hippocastanum

Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum

Photo Locations: Chico State University - Chico, CA, Strybing Arboretum - San Francisco, CA, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA

General Notes

Seeds are toxic.

Has fragrant Flower.

Native to Southeastern Europe.

Family: Sapindaceae
Previously listed in the Hippocastanaceae family.

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Rounded Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 50 - 80 feet.

Width: 40 - 50 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years or more.

Leaves Palmately Compound, Dark Green, Bronze or Gold, Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant Cream. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown Capsule, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer.

Bark Dark Brown, Exfoliating or Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 10, 12 and 14 - 17.

USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 7.

Exposure Full Sun.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate Inland.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Caterpillars, Phytophthora, Powdery Mildew, Root Rot, Rust and Verticillium.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Root Damage Potential Rated as High.

Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Attracts Squirrels.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Aesculus hippocastanum Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 24, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/aesculus-hippocastanum >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.