SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Sacramento State University - Sacramento, CA, Chico, CA, Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA, and Santa Barbara City College
This large shade tree has been cultivated for its edible nuts for centuries. Resistant to oak root fungus.
Has Unpleasant Flower and Pollen fragrance.
Native to Southern Europe and Asia Minor.
Additional Common Names
SPANISH CHESTNUT, SWEET CHESTNUT
Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 65 - 100 feet.
Width: 50 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Lanceolate to Oblong, Medium to Dark Green, Bronze or Gold, Deciduous.
Flowers Showy. Unpleasant Flower Fragrance. Cream or White. Flowers in Summer. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown Nut enclosed in Spiny Involucre, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall Edible.
Bark Dark Gray or Light Green, Fissured.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 2 - 9 and 14 - 17.
USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 7.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Oak Root Fungus. Susceptible to Chlorosis, Phytophthora and Root Rot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Castanea sativa Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 20, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/castanea-sativa >