SelecTree: Tree Detail

SPANISH CHESTNUT
Castanea sativa

Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa Castanea sativa

Photo Locations: Sacramento State University - Sacramento, CA, Chico, CA, Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA, and Santa Barbara City College

General Notes

This large shade tree has been cultivated for its edible nuts for centuries. Resistant to oak root fungus.

Has Unpleasant Flower and Pollen fragrance.

Native to Southern Europe and Asia Minor.

Family: Fagaceae

Additional Common Names

SPANISH CHESTNUT, SWEET CHESTNUT

Tree Characteristics

Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 65 - 100 feet.

Width: 50 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Lanceolate to Oblong, Medium to Dark Green, Bronze or Gold, Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Unpleasant Flower Fragrance. Cream or White. Flowers in Summer. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown Nut enclosed in Spiny Involucre, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall Edible.

Bark Dark Gray or Light Green, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 2 - 9 and 14 - 17.

USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 7.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Oak Root Fungus. Susceptible to Chlorosis, Phytophthora and Root Rot.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Squirrels.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Castanea sativa Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 20, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/castanea-sativa >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.