SelecTree: Tree Detail

EUROPEAN HACKBERRY
Celtis australis

Celtis australis Celtis australis Celtis australis Celtis australis Celtis australis Celtis australis Celtis australis Celtis australis Celtis australis Celtis australis Celtis australis Celtis australis Celtis australis

Photo Locations: Sacramento State University - Sacramento, CA, Cal Poly Campus - San Luis Obispo, CA and Fresno, CA

General Notes

Moderate to fast growing deciduous tree.

Native to Southern Europe.

A Celtis australis in Sacramento Capital Park #159 is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 98 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 147 inches and a crown spread of 70 feet.

Family: Cannabaceae
Previously listed in the Ulmaceae family.

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 40 - 70 feet.

Width: 40 - 50 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years or more.

Leaves Ovate, Gray Green or Dark Green, Gold, Deciduous.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Black or Purple Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Edible and Wildlife use it.

Bark Mottled, Dark Gray or Light Green, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 8 - 16 and 18 - 20.

USDA Hardiness Zones 6 - 8.

Exposure Full Sun to Full Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Oak Root Fungus.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Celtis australis Tree Record." 1995-2017. May 30, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/celtis-australis >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI