SelecTree: Tree Detail

CABBAGE PALM
Cordyline australis

Cordyline australis Cordyline australis Cordyline australis Cordyline australis Cordyline australis Cordyline australis Cordyline australis Cordyline australis Cordyline australis Cordyline australis Cordyline australis

Photo Locations: River Banks Botanical Garden - Columbia, SC, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA, Santa Barbara Courthouse - Santa Barbara, CA Palo Alto, CA, Salinas, CA and San Diego, CA

General Notes

Green Dracena is a popular and durable accent tree, often used in a Spanish context. It is very slow growing. Once established, it tolerates heat, poor soils, dryness and wind. It generally remains under 25 feet in height.

Cal-IPC (California Invasive Plant Council) classifies the invasiveness of this plant as limited.

Has fragrant Flower.

Native to New Zealand.

A Cordyline australis in Presidio - San Francisco is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 35 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 108 inches and a crown spread of 27 feet.

Family: Agavaceae

Additional Common Names

CABBAGE PALM, CABBAGE TREE, DRACAENA SPIKE

Tree Characteristics

Sword Palm Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 20 - 35 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 40 to 150 years.

Leaves Linear, Light Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

White or Mostly Blue Berry, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall Wildlife use it.

Bark Black or Dark Gray, Furrowed or Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Low in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 5, 8 - 11 and 14 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Coastal Good.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Moderate Zone.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

None Known Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Not Deer Palatable.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Cordyline australis Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 23, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/cordyline-australis >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI