SelecTree: Tree Detail

AMERICAN PERSIMMON
Diospyros virginiana

Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana Diospyros virginiana

Photo Locations: Cohn Arboretum - Baton Rouge, LA, Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT, Sacramento, CA, W. Gordon Belser Arboretum - Columbia, SC, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR and the National Arboretum - Washington, DC

General Notes

Resistant to oak root fungus. Fruit needs to be soft-ripened; is very sweet. Both bark and fruit have been used to treat fever and heart disease.

Native to Eastern and Southern United States.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

Family: Ebenaceae

Additional Common Names

AMERICAN PERSIMMON, COMMON PERSIMMON, POSSUMWOOD, FLORIDA PERSIMMON

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy.

Oval or Umbrella Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 40 - 60 feet.

Width: 20 - 35 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Oval, Medium Green, Red, Gold or Multicolored, Deciduous.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Prolific, Orange, Purple or Yellow Berry, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Fall Edible.

Bark Black, Dark Brown or Dark Gray, Blocky.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 3 - 9, 14 - 16 and 18 - 23.

USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Wet to Dry Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Oak Root Fungus. Susceptible to Caterpillars, Crown Rot, Root Rot and Verticillium.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

None Known Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Special Uses & Values

Riparian.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Diospyros virginiana Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 21, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/diospyros-virginiana >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.