SelecTree: Tree Detail

STRANGLER FIG
Ficus aurea

General Notes

The Strangler Fig starts its life climbing or nestled in the limbs of another tree. It uses the host for support and eventually becomes an independant tree after strangling the host. Its arial roots will elongate and reach for the ground growing sufficiently to support its weight.  Branches droop but resist breakage. Figs rely on wasps for pollination, and fig wasps can only reproduce in fig flowers. They are mutually obligated to each other.

Native to Florida and areas around the Gulf of Mexico.

Family: Moraceae

Additional Common Names

STRANGLER FIG, GOLDEN FIG

Tree Characteristics

Rounded Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 50 - 60 feet.

Width: 50 - 70 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 or More Inches per Year.

Leaves Elliptic, Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. White. Flowers in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Green or Yellow Multiple Fruit Drupelets, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer Wildlife use it.

Bark Dark Gray, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense to Very Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Fruit and Leaves.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun to Full Shade.

Wet but Well Drained Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Acidic to Alkaline Soil pH.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Aphids and Scales, Sooty Mold.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Root Damage Potential Rated as High.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Bonsai.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ficus aurea Tree Record." 1995-2017. Oct 20, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ficus-aurea >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.