SelecTree: Tree Detail

EDIBLE FIG
Ficus carica

Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica

Photo Locations: National Arboretum - Washington, DC and San Luis Obispo, CA

General Notes

'Mission' and 'Brown Turkey' are popular varieties. Most bear two crops per year. Varieties 'Kadota' and 'Mission' are resistant to oak root fungus.

Cal-IPC (California Invasive Plant Council) classifies the invasiveness of this plant as moderate.

Has fragrant Fruit.

Native to Western Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean.

Family: Moraceae

Additional Common Names

EDIBLE FIG, COMMON FIG

Tree Characteristics

Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Rounded, Umbrella or Vase Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 20 - 30 feet.

Width: 10 - 20 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Palmate, Medium Green, Gold, Deciduous.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Prolific, Brown, White or Mostly Green Multiple Fruit Drupelets, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Edible.

Bark Light Gray, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 4 - 9 and 12 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 6 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Oak Root Fungus and Verticillium. Susceptible to Canker, Fusarium, Oak Root Rot, Root Rot and Virus.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Irritant Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered High.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Bees.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Espalier.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ficus carica Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 23, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ficus-carica >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI