SelecTree: Tree Detail

INDIAN LAUREL FIG
Ficus microcarpa

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Photo Locations: National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Los Angeles, CA, Claremont, CA, San Francisco, CA, Pasadena, CA, Santa Barbara, CA and San Luis Obispo, CA

General Notes

Susceptible to thrip. Common street tree in California. Valued for its massive canopies with dark green foliage that stands in contrast with its light gray bark.

Native to Malaysia peninsula to Borneo.

Family: Moraceae

Synonyms

Ficus microcarpa var. nitida

Additional Common Names

LAUREL FIG, INDIAN LAUREL FIG, LAUREL RUBBER, CHINESE BANYAN

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Weeping with a Low Canopy.

Oval or Rounded Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 25 - 35 feet.

Width: 35 - 40 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Oval, Glossy Medium to Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Winter. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Mostly Green Multiple Fruit Drupelets, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Spring.

Bark Light Gray, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 9, 13 and 16 - 24; H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 12.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland and on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Thrip.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Irritant Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered High.

Special Uses & Values

Screen, Shade Tree, Specimen.

Bonsai.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ficus microcarpa Tree Record." 1995-2017. Dec 10, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ficus-microcarpa >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI