SelecTree: Tree Detail

DATE PALM
Phoenix dactylifera

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Photo Locations: Phoenix, AZ, Palm Springs, CA, San Jose, CA, UC Santa Barbara - Santa Barbara, CA, Cal Poly State University - San Luis Obispo, CA and Lotusland - Santa Barbara, CA

General Notes

Source of edible dates. Needs high temperatures to fruit.

Has thorns.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

Family: Arecaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect and requires ample growing space.

Feather Palm Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 80 - 100 feet.

Width: 20 - 40 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 to 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Frond and Pinnatifid, Gray Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Yellow. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Brown Drupe, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall Edible and Wildlife use it.

Bark Light Green, Fibrous or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit and Leaves.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 8, 9 and 11 - 24; H1, H2.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Good to Moderate Inland and Moderate on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Moderate Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Texas Root Rot.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered High.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Phoenix dactylifera Tree Record." 1995-2017. Oct 20, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/phoenix-dactylifera >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.