SelecTree: Tree Detail

ENGELMANN SPRUCE
Picea engelmannii

Picea engelmannii Picea engelmannii Picea engelmannii Picea engelmannii Picea engelmannii Picea engelmannii Picea engelmannii Picea engelmannii Picea engelmannii Picea engelmannii Picea engelmannii Picea engelmannii Picea engelmannii Picea engelmannii Picea engelmannii

Photo Locations: The Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, Regional Parks Botanic Garden, Tilden Regional Park - Berkeley, CA, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA

General Notes

Susceptible to spruce budworm.

Has fragrant Leaf.

Native to Western North America.

A Picea engelmannii in Siskiyou National Forest is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 133 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 149 inches and a crown spread of 35 feet.

Family: Pinaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect and requires ample growing space.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 60 - 130 feet.

Width: 20 - 25 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Blue Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown Cone, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.

Bark Dark Brown or Red Brown, Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 7, 10 and 14 - 17.

USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 8.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Medium in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Aphids, Beetle Borers and Scales, Oak Root Rot, Root Rot, Rust and Sooty Mold.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered High.

Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Not Deer Palatable.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Picea engelmannii Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 23, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/picea-engelmannii >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.