SelecTree: Tree Detail

WHITE SPRUCE
Picea glauca

Picea glauca Picea glauca Picea glauca Picea glauca Picea glauca Picea glauca Picea glauca Picea glauca Picea glauca

Photo Locations: Washington Park Arboretum - Seattle, WA, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA

General Notes

Susceptible to spruce budworm.

Has fragrant Leaf.

Native to Canada and Northern United States.

Family: Pinaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect and requires ample growing space.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 60 - 70 feet.

Width: 10 - 12 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Gray Green or Silver Gray, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Red or Mostly Green Cone, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter or Summer.

Bark Light Green or Light Gray, Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 7 and 14 - 17; A1 - A3.

USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 6.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Aphids, Beetle Borers and Scales, Fusarium, Root Rot, Rust and Sooty Mold.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Not Deer Palatable.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Picea glauca Tree Record." 1995-2017. Oct 20, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/picea-glauca >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.