SelecTree: Tree Detail

BLACK SPRUCE
Picea mariana

Picea mariana Picea mariana Picea mariana Picea mariana Picea mariana

Photo Locations: Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA.

General Notes

Native to Northeastern North America.

Family: Pinaceae

Additional Common Names

BLACK SPRUCE, SWAMP SPRUCE, BOG SPRUCE

Tree Characteristics

Erect and requires ample growing space.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 30 - 50 feet.

Width: 6 - 10 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Blue Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown or Gray Cone, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.

Bark Light Green or Light Gray, Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 7; A1 - A3.

USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 6.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Wet to Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Aphids, Beetle Borers and Scales, Oak Root Rot, Root Rot, Rust and Sooty Mold.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Not Deer Palatable.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Picea mariana Tree Record." 1995-2017. Dec 16, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/picea-mariana >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.