SelecTree: Tree Detail

ORIENTAL SPRUCE
Picea orientalis

Picea orientalis Picea orientalis Picea orientalis Picea orientalis Picea orientalis Picea orientalis Picea orientalis Picea orientalis Picea orientalis Picea orientalis Picea orientalis Picea orientalis Picea orientalis Picea orientalis Picea orientalis

Photo Locations: Washington Park Arboretum - Seattle, WA, Mendocino Coast Botanical Gardens - Fort Bragg, CA, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA

General Notes

Susceptible to spruce budworm.

Native to Caucasus Mountains and Northeastern Turkey.

Family: Pinaceae

Additional Common Names

ORIENTAL SPRUCE, CAUCASION

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 100 feet.

Width: 20 - 25 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. . Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown Cone, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.

Bark Dark Brown or Light Green, Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 6 and 14 - 17.

USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 8.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Aphids and Scales, Sooty Mold.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

None Known Health Hazard.

Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Picea orientalis Tree Record." 1995-2017. Dec 10, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/picea-orientalis >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.