SelecTree: Tree Detail

JACK PINE
Pinus banksiana

Pinus banksiana Pinus banksiana Pinus banksiana Pinus banksiana Pinus banksiana Pinus banksiana Pinus banksiana Pinus banksiana Pinus banksiana Pinus banksiana Pinus banksiana Pinus banksiana Pinus banksiana

Photo Locations: The Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA

General Notes

Native to Nova Scotia and Northeastern United States.

Family: Pinaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 30 - 70 feet.

Width: 10 - 15 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Yellow, Purple or Mostly Green Cone, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.

Bark Dark Brown or Orange, Furrowed or Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 2; A1 - A3.

USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 8.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Texas Root Rot and Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids and Beetle Borers, Oak Root Rot and Root Rot.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus banksiana Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 23, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-banksiana >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.