SelecTree: Tree Detail

JEFFREY PINE
Pinus jeffreyi

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Photo Locations: San Jacinto State Park, CA, Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT, Cal Poly State University - San Luis Obispo, CA, Strybing Arboretum - San Francisco, CA, Tilden Regional Parks Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA, Mt Lassen National Park, CA, Heaps Peak Arboretum, San Bernardino National Forest and UC Berkeley Botanical Garden, Berkeley, CA

General Notes

Drought resistant. Bark has vanilla scent.

Has fragrant Bark.

Native to Oregon, California, Baja and Mexico.

A Pinus jeffreyi in Tioga Pass Road is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 186 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 282 inches and a crown spread of 66 feet.

Family: Pinaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect and requires ample growing space.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 60 - 130 feet.

Width: 20 - 30 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Blue Green or Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Winter or Summer.

Bark Light Gray or Red Brown, Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 2 - 9 and 14 - 19.

USDA Hardiness Zones 6 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Texas Root Rot and Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, Jeffery Pine Beetle, California Flathead Borer and Beetle Borers, Oak Root Rot, Black Stain, Phytophthora Root Disease, Oak Root Rot, Mistletoe, Western Gall Rust, Needle Cast and Root Rot.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Special Uses & Values

Bonsai.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus jeffreyi Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 23, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-jeffreyi >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.