SelecTree: Tree Detail

WESTERN WHITE PINE
Pinus monticola

Pinus monticola Pinus monticola Pinus monticola Pinus monticola Pinus monticola Pinus monticola Pinus monticola Pinus monticola Pinus monticola Pinus monticola Pinus monticola

Photo Locations: Washington Park Arboretum - Seattle, WA, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA, Regional Parks Botanic Garden, Tilden Regional Park - Berkeley, CA, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA

General Notes

Susceptible to White Pine Blister Rust.

Native to High elevations in California and the Western United States.

A Pinus monticola in Yosemite National Park is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 128 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 324 inches and a crown spread of 54 feet.

Family: Pinaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 60 - 80 feet.

Width: 20 - 25 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Blue Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown or Purple Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Winter or Summer.

Bark Dark Brown, Light Gray, Light Green or Purple, Furrowed or Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 7.

USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 8.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Oak Root Fungus, Texas Root Rot and Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, Mountain Pine Beetle and Beetle Borers, Oak Root Rot, Root Rot, Rust and White Pine Blister Rust.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus monticola Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 21, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-monticola >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.