SelecTree: Tree Detail

BISHOP PINE
Pinus muricata

Pinus muricata Pinus muricata Pinus muricata Pinus muricata Pinus muricata Pinus muricata Pinus muricata Pinus muricata Pinus muricata Pinus muricata Pinus muricata Pinus muricata

Photo Locations: Mendocino Coast Botanical Gardens - Fort Bragg, CA, Regional Parks Botanic Garden, Tilden Regional Park - Berkeley, CA and Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA

General Notes

A common pine in central California. Monterey pine and Bishop pine are the tree species most commonly infected with Pitch Canker in California.

Native to Coast of California.

A Pinus muricata in Marin is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 82 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 242 inches and a crown spread of 118 feet.

Family: Pinaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy.

Conical or Rounded Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 50 - 70 feet.

Width: 20 - 40 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown Cone, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter or Summer.

Bark Dark Brown, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 5, 14 - 17 and 22 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 7 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Moderate Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Texas Root Rot and Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids and Beetle Borers, Phytophthora, Root Rot, Rust and Pitch Canker.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus muricata Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 24, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-muricata >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.