SelecTree: Tree Detail

AUSTRIAN BLACK PINE
Pinus nigra

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Photo Locations: Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA, and Albuquerque BioPark - Rio Grande Botanic Garden

General Notes

Resistant to oak root fungus. Adapts to many soil conditions making it a good tree for urban settings.

Native to Mediterranean Region.

Family: Pinaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 40 - 60 feet.

Width: 25 - 35 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. . Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Winter.

Bark Dark Gray or Light Green, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 2 - 10 and 14 - 21; A3.

USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 8.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate Inland and on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Oak Root Fungus, Texas Root Rot and Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Bonsai.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus nigra Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 23, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-nigra >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI