SelecTree: Tree Detail

ITALIAN STONE PINE
Pinus pinea

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Photo Locations: UC Santa Barbara - Santa Barbara, CA, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, San Luis Obispo, CA, Baywood, CA, The Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, Stanford University - Palo Alto, CA and Santa Barbara, CA

General Notes

Broad, flat-topped tree with age. Needs ample room. Source for pine nuts.

Native to Mediterranean Region.

A Pinus pinea in Orange is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 62 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 239 inches and a crown spread of 105 feet.

Family: Pinaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Conical, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 40 - 80 feet.

Width: 40 - 60 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Gray Green or Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. . Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown or Red Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Winter Edible and Wildlife use it.

Bark Black, Dark Brown or Dark Gray, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 8, 9 and 12 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 10.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland to Moderate on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Moderate Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Texas Root Rot and Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, Phytophthora, Root Rot and Pitch Canker.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Weak to Medium Weak

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus pinea Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 20, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-pinea >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI