SelecTree: Tree Detail

GRAY PINE
Pinus sabiniana

Pinus sabiniana Pinus sabiniana Pinus sabiniana Pinus sabiniana Pinus sabiniana Pinus sabiniana Pinus sabiniana Pinus sabiniana Pinus sabiniana Pinus sabiniana

Photo Locations: UC Davis Arboretum - Davis, CA, Leaning Pine Arboretum - Cal Poly San Luis Obispo, CA, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA and Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Gardens - Claremont, CA

General Notes

Very drought resistant.

Native to California.

A Pinus sabiniana in Visalia is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 120 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 178 inches and a crown spread of 77 feet.

Family: Pinaceae

Additional Common Names

DIGGER PINE, GRAY PINE

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 60 - 70 feet.

Width: 15 - 20 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years or more.

Leaves Needle, Gray Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Purple or Yellow. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall Edible.

Bark Black or Dark Brown, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 3 - 10 and 14 - 21.

USDA Hardiness Zones 8 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Medium in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Texas Root Rot and Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, California Five Spined Engraver Beetle and IPS, Pitch Canker, Mistletoe, Western Gall Rust and Oak Root Rot.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Low.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus sabiniana Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 23, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-sabiniana >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.