SelecTree: Tree Detail

WHITE PINE
Pinus strobus

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Photo Locations: The Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA, UC Santa Cruz Arboretum - Santa Cruz, CA, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA

General Notes

Slow growing in seedling stage. Cultivar 'Nana' makes a good hedge, growing to a mere 7 feet.

Native to Eastern North America.

Family: Pinaceae

Additional Common Names

WHITE PINE, EASTERN WHITE PINE

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 50 - 80 feet.

Width: 25 - 35 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Blue Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter or Summer.

Bark Dark Brown, Dark Gray, Light Gray or Purple, Furrowed or Ridged.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 6.

USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Medium in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Texas Root Rot and Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids and Beetle Borers, Oak Root Rot, Phytophthora, Root Rot, Rust and White Pine Blister Rust.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus strobus Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 23, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-strobus >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.