SelecTree: Tree Detail

AMERICAN SYCAMORE
Platanus occidentalis

Platanus occidentalis Platanus occidentalis Platanus occidentalis Platanus occidentalis Platanus occidentalis Platanus occidentalis Platanus occidentalis

Photo Locations: The Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA and Cal Poly Campus - San Luis Obispo, CA

General Notes

Flood tolerant. Requires a moderate amount of water. A good street or park tree. Hardy to 0 degrees F.

Native to Eastern United States.

Family: Platanaceae

Additional Common Names

AMERICAN SYCAMORE, BUTTONWOOD

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 70 - 90 feet.

Width: 50 - 70 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Palmate, Medium Green, Bronze or Gold, Deciduous.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Prolific, Brown or Mostly Green Achene, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.

Bark Striking, Cream, Dark Brown, Light Gray or Multicolored, Furrowed, Rough or Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit, Leaves, Twigs and Bark.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Wet to Dry Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Medium in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Texas Root Rot and Verticillium. Susceptible to Beetle Borers, Scales and Spider Mites, Anthracnose and Powdery Mildew.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered High.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Special Uses & Values

Riparian.

Pollarding.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Platanus occidentalis Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 24, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/platanus-occidentalis >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.