SelecTree: Tree Detail

WILD PLUM
Prunus americana

Prunus americana Prunus americana Prunus americana

Photo Locations: Balboa Park - San Diego, CA and Sacramento State University - Sacramento, CA

General Notes

Utility Friendly Tree Utility friendly tree.

A desirable wildlife plant for the landscape.

Has fragrant Flower.

Has thorns.

Native to North America.

Family: Rosaceae

Additional Common Names

WILD PLUM, AMERICAN PLUM

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Rounded, Umbrella or Vase Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 15 - 25 feet.

Width: 10 - 15 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Less than 50 years.

Leaves Ovate, Dark Green, Gold, Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Purple, Red or Yellow Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer Edible.

Bark Black or Dark Brown, Exfoliating or Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Flowers and Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 3 and 10.

USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 8.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Aphids, Beetle Borers, Caterpillars and Spider Mites, Rust, Sooty Mold and Verticillium.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Hedged.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Prunus americana Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 23, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/prunus-americana >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.