SelecTree: Tree Detail

EUROPEAN PLUM
Prunus domestica

Prunus domestica Prunus domestica Prunus domestica Prunus domestica

Photo Locations: Lotusland - Santa Barbara, CA

General Notes

Utility Friendly Tree Utility friendly tree.

Requires annual pruning for quality fruit. Favorable plant climate zones depends on varieties; Check with local nurseries.

Has fragrant Flower.

Native to Europe.

Family: Rosaceae

Additional Common Names

EUROPEAN PLUM, EUROPEAN PRUNE

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 10 - 15 feet.

Width: 10 - 15 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 40 to 150 years.

Leaves Obovate to Ovate, Dark Green, Gold, Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Prolific, Black, Yellow or Mostly Green Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer Edible.

Bark Dark Brown, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit or Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 2 - 23.

Exposure Full Sun.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Aphids, Beetle Borers, Caterpillars and Spider Mites, Anthracnose, Fire Blight, Brown Rot, Canker, Crown Rot, Gummosis, Powdery Mildew, Root Rot, Rust, Sooty Mold and Verticillium.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Low.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Attracts Bees, Butterflies, and Birds.

Deer Palatable.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Prunus domestica Tree Record." 1995-2017. Sep 23, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/prunus-domestica >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.