SelecTree: Tree Detail

BLACK CHERRY
Prunus serotina

Prunus serotina Prunus serotina Prunus serotina Prunus serotina Prunus serotina Prunus serotina Prunus serotina Prunus serotina Prunus serotina Prunus serotina Prunus serotina Prunus serotina

Photo Locations: Sacramento State University - Sacramento, CA, Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA

General Notes

Fruit used for making cherry brandy. Wood used for furniture. Tree is used as a rootstock for cherries. Prunus serotina salicifolia is resistant to oak root fungus. All parts of this tree, except for fruit without the seed, contain a chemical that is poisonous.

Has fragrant Flower.

Native to Eastern North America.

Family: Rosaceae

Additional Common Names

BLACK CHERRY, RUM CHERRY

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Oval Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 50 - 60 feet.

Width: 25 - 30 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Elliptic to Ovate, Dark Green, Bronze or Gold, Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Black or Purple Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Summer Wildlife use it.

Bark Dark Brown, Red Brown, Dark Gray or Light Gray, Furrowed or Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Flowers and Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 2, 6 - 7 and 14 - 15.

USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 8.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Oak Root Fungus. Susceptible to Caterpillars, Canker, Crown Rot, Powdery Mildew, Root Rot and Rust.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Poisonous Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Low.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Attracts Birds.

Deer Palatable.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Prunus serotina Tree Record." 1995-2017. Nov 23, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/prunus-serotina >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.