SelecTree: Tree Detail

CHOKE CHERRY
Prunus virginiana

Prunus virginiana Prunus virginiana Prunus virginiana Prunus virginiana Prunus virginiana Prunus virginiana Prunus virginiana Prunus virginiana Prunus virginiana Prunus virginiana Prunus virginiana Prunus virginiana Prunus virginiana

Photo Locations: Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT, Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Gardens - Claremont, CA and Tilden Regional Parks Botanical Garden - Berkeley, CA

General Notes

Utility Friendly Tree Utility friendly tree.

Very hardy. Western Chokecherry, P. virginiana var. demissa, is native to the Pacific Coast and found in the Western U.S. Fruit is used for making jelly and syrup.

Has fragrant Flower.

Native to Eastern North America.

Family: Rosaceae

Additional Common Names

CHOKE CHERRY, COMMON CHOKECHERRY, VIRGINIA BIRD CHERRY

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 30 feet.

Width: 25 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Less than 50 years.

Leaves Elliptic to Obovate, Medium to Dark Green, Bronze, Red, Gold, Orange or Multicolored, Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Purple, Red or Black Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall.

Bark Dark Gray or Light Gray, Furrowed or Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 3 and 10; A1 - A3.

USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 8.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Oak Root Fungus. Susceptible to Caterpillars, Oak Root Rot, Phytophthora, Root Rot, Rust and Verticillium.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Low.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Bees.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Prunus virginiana Tree Record." 1995-2017. Jul 27, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/prunus-virginiana >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI