SelecTree: Tree Detail

WHITE OAK
Quercus alba

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Photo Locations: UC Davis Arboretum - Davis, CA, Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA

General Notes

Branches don't droop and resist breakage. Produces hardwood prized for commercial purposes such as furniture, flooring, and wine and whiskey barrels. Acorns can be ground to make flour.

Native to Eastern North America.

Family: Fagaceae

Tree Characteristics

Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Conical or Rounded Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 60 - 100 feet.

Width: 60 - 100 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.

Leaves Ovate, Green, Red, Deciduous.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Brown. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown Acorn, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Edible and Wildlife use it.

Bark Light Gray, Exfoliating or Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate to Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Leaves.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 3 and 10.

USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Wet but Well Drained Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Acidic Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Leaf Miner, Caterpillars, Borer, Aphids, Scales and Insect Galls, Anthracnose, Canker, Leaf Spot, Powdery Mildew, Root Rot and Chlorosis.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Mammals.

Deer Palatable.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Specimen, Buffer Strip or Shade Tree.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Quercus alba Tree Record." 1995-2017. Dec 11, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/quercus-alba >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.