SelecTree: Tree Detail

CANYON LIVE OAK
Quercus chrysolepis

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Photo Locations: Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Gardens - Claremont, CA, Tilden Regional Parks Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA, Strybing Arboretum - San Francisco, CA and Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR

General Notes

A California native tree. Growing range between South West Oregon and Baja, California.

Native to Southwestern United States.

A Quercus chrysolepis in Angeles National Forest is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 97 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 499 inches and a crown spread of 98 feet.

Family: Fagaceae

Additional Common Names

CANYON LIVE OAK, MAUL OAK, GOLDENCUP OAK

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 70 feet.

Width: 30 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Elliptic and Hollylike, Glossy Gray Green or Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown Acorn, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.

Bark Light Green, Light Gray or Red Brown, Furrowed, Scaly or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 3 - 11 and 14 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 7 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Goldspotted Oak Borer, Aphids, Caterpillars, Coddling Moths, Insect Galls, California Oak Moth, Pacific Oak Teig Girdler and White Fly, Sudden Oak Death, Crown Rot, Mistletoe, Oak Root Rot and Root Rot.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered High.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Quercus chrysolepis Tree Record." 1995-2017. Dec 11, 2017.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/quercus-chrysolepis >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.