SelecTree: Tree Detail

CHILEAN PEPPER TREE
Schinus polygamus

Schinus polygamus Schinus polygamus Schinus polygamus Schinus polygamus Schinus polygamus Schinus polygamus

Photo Locations: San Francisco, CA and San Luis Obispo, CA

General Notes

Has spines at the end of the shoots.

Dispersed by birds and occasionally reseeds.

Native to Southern South America.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

Family: Anacardiaceae

Additional Common Names

CHILEAN PEPPER TREE, Hardee peppertree

Tree Characteristics

Spreading with a High Canopy.

Oval or Vase Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 10 - 25 feet.

Width: 25 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 or More Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Oblanceolate, Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Yellow or White. Flowers in Summer. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Prolific, Dark Purple Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter Wildlife use it.

Bark Gray to Reddish Brown, Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate to Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit, Leaves and Twigs.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

USDA Hardiness Zones 8 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak

Root Damage Potential Rated as High.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Bees.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Schinus polygamus Tree Record." 1995-2018. Feb 24, 2018.
< http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/schinus-polygamus >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.