SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Kwantlen Polytechnic University, Langley, B.C., Grand Canyon, AZ, Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT, Regional Parks Botanic Garden, Tilden Regional Park - Berkeley, CA, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR
Best growth on deep, permeable soils with abundant moisture at mid- to high elevations. Commonly grown Western native at mid-elevation and coastal mountains. regions. Fine Christmas tree. Although this tree can reach a height of 120 feet in its native habitat, it is much slower growing in landscaped settings and much shorter heights are common. Closely related to A. grandis. Shade tolerant.
Has fragrant Bark and Leaf.
Native to Southwestern United States.
An Abies concolor in Yosemite National Park is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 217 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 276 inches and a crown spread of 39 feet.
Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 40 - 50 feet.
Width: 15 - 25 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Needle, Blue Green or Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown or Purple Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.
Bark Light Gray, Fissured.
Shading Capacity Rated as Very Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 9 and 14 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 7.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Aphids, Fir Engraver Beetle, Bagworm, Cottony Cushion Scale, Balsam Twig Aphid, Spruce Spider Mite and Beetle Borers, Mistletoe, Armillaria, Root Rot, Indian Paint, Cytospora and Rust.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.
Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Not Deer Palatable.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Abies concolor Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 20, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/abies-concolor >