SelecTree: Tree Detail

Abies firma

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Photo Locations: Nikko Botanical Garden, Nikko City, Japan, UC Santa Cruz Arboretum - Santa Cruz, CA, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA.

General Notes

Densely branched with stiff, leathery needles. A slow grower that will reach heights over 100 feet in its native environment.

Has fragrant Bark and Leaf.

Native to Central and Southern Japan.

Family: Pinaceae

Additional Common Names


Tree Characteristics

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 20 - 50 feet.

Width: 10 - 40 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 Inches per Year.

Leaves Needle, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Wildlife use it.

Bark Grayish Brown, Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Very Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit, Leaves and Twigs.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

USDA Hardiness Zones 6 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun.

Well Drained Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Buffer Strip or Screen.


Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Abies firma Tree Record." 1995-2021. Apr 17, 2021.
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