SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA.
Can grow much taller in the wild, but usually smaller outside its natural habitat.
Has fragrant Bark and Leaf.
Native to Caucasus, Asia Minor, and Greece.
Additional Common Names
NORDMANN FIR, CAUCASIAN FIR
Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 30 - 50 feet.
Width: 20 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Needle, Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown or Red Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Winter.
Bark Dark Brown or Dark Gray, Fissured.
Shading Capacity Rated as Very Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 11 and 14 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Aphids, Phytophthora and Root Rot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
None Known Health Hazard.
Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Not Deer Palatable.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Abies nordmanniana Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 22, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/abies-nordmanniana >