SelecTree: Tree Detail

Acacia abyssinica

Acacia abyssinica Acacia abyssinica Acacia abyssinica

Photo Locations: Quail Botanical Gardens - Encinitas, CA

General Notes

Known commonly as Nyanga flat-top because of its flat-topped nature. Will drop its leaves in cooler climates.  In the wild can reach 50 feet.

Has thorns.

Native to Africa.

Family: Fabaceae

Tree Characteristics

Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Rounded or Vase Shape.

Has Evergreen to Partly Deciduous foliage.

Height: 25 feet.

Width: 30 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 Inches per Year.

Longevity Less than 50 years.

Leaves Bipinnately Compound, Light Green, No Change, Evergreen to Partly Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Yellow. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Brown Pod, fruiting in Fall, Winter or Summer.

Bark Dark Gray.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 13 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 11.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Neutral to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Invasive Shot Hole Borer, Root Rot.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Weak.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Attracts Birds.

Not Deer Palatable.

Special Uses & Values


Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Acacia abyssinica Tree Record." 1995-2019. Feb 23, 2019.
< >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at