SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Longwood Gardens - Kennette Square, PA, Dallas Arboretum - Dallas, TX, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Campus, CA, Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, National Arboretum - Washington, DC, San Francisco, CA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA.
Utility friendly tree.
Japanese Maple is a commonly used accent tree in lawns or moderately moist settings, beneath an overstory of taller shade trees, and as a residential patio tree. It prefers a moist, well-drained loam with plenty of added humus. It is resistant to oak root fungus and green- leaf varieties can tolerate more sun. There are a multitude of hybrids, including variegated, laceleaf, miniature and purple-leaved varieties. Varieties 'Atropurpureum' and 'Bloodgood' may eventually require regularly scheduled light top-trimming (but not necessarily shearing) of vigorous top shoots to maintain heights below 25'.
Native to Japan and Korea.
Previously listed in the Aceraceae family.
Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Rounded, Umbrella or Vase Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 15 - 25 feet.
Width: 15 - 25 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Palmate, Light to Medium Green, Bronze or Purple, Red, Gold, Orange or Multicolored, Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Purple. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown Winged Seed, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer.
Bark Green, Light Green, Light Gray or Red Brown, Furrowed or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Low to Moderately Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Low out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 2 - 10, 12 and 14 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 8.
Exposure Partial Shade to Full Shade.
Moist but Well Drained Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Invasive Shot Hole Borer and Aphids, Armillaria, Root Rot and Verticillium.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.
Fire Resistance is Favorable.
Not Deer Palatable.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Acer palmatum Tree Record." 1995-2020. Feb 27, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/acer-palmatum >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI