SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Longwood Gardens - Kennette Square, PA, Matt and Erin Pritchard House - HI, Waimea Valley Botanical Gardens - Waimea, HI and Lyon Arboretum - Honolulu, HI
Utility friendly tree.
This is one of Hawai'i’s (and the world’s) most widely grown palms, whose common name comes from the fact that its bright red fruit mature around Christmas time. Christmas or Manila palm is a small palm adaptable for many horticultural applications on the islands. Adonidia merrillii has no HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score.
Native to Philippines.
Additional Common Names
CHRISTMAS PALM, MANILA PALM
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 15 - 25 feet.
Width: 10 - 12 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 36 Inches per Year.
Leaves Pinnately Compound, Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Yellow. Flowers in Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Persistent, Red Drupe, fruiting in Winter.
Bark Gray, Rough or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Low to Moderately Low in Leaf.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Well Drained Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Acidic to Alkaline Soil pH.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Scales, Lethal Yellowing Disease in Lee County Florida..
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Special Uses & Values
Specimen, Container or Street Tree.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Adonidia merrillii Tree Record." 1995-2021. Apr 17, 2021.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/adonidia-merrillii >