SelecTree: Tree Detail
BRIOTTII RED HORSECHESTNUT
Aesculus × carnea 'Briottii'
Photo Locations: Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT, Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA and Alice Keck Park Memorial Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
A hybrid between Aesculus Hippocastanum × Aesculus pavia.
The fruit of this tree is poisonous when ingested.
Has Unpleasant Bark fragrance.
Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 35 - 50 feet.
Width: 35 - 50 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Palmately Compound, Dark Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous.
Flowers Showy. Red. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Brown Capsule, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall.
Bark Dark Brown, Fissured.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 10, 12 and 14 - 17.
USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun.
Clay or Loam Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Chlorosis.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Poisonous Health Hazard.
Attracts Bees and Squirrels.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Aesculus × carnea 'Briottii' Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 9, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/aesculus-×-carnea-briottii >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI