SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Chico State University - Chico, CA, Strybing Arboretum - San Francisco, CA, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
Seeds are toxic.
Has fragrant Flower.
Native to Southeastern Europe.
Previously listed in the Hippocastanaceae family.
Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 50 - 80 feet.
Width: 40 - 50 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years or more.
Leaves Palmately Compound, Dark Green, Bronze or Gold, Deciduous.
Flowers Showy. Fragrant Cream. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown Capsule, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer.
Bark Dark Brown, Exfoliating or Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 10, 12 and 14 - 17.
USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 7.
Exposure Full Sun.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate Inland.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Caterpillars, Phytophthora, Powdery Mildew, Root Rot, Rust and Verticillium.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Root Damage Potential Rated as High.
Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.
Fire Resistance is Favorable.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Aesculus hippocastanum Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 20, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/aesculus-hippocastanum >