SelecTree: Tree Detail

DEVIL'S WALKING STICK
Aralia spinosa

Aralia spinosa Aralia spinosa Aralia spinosa Aralia spinosa Aralia spinosa Aralia spinosa Aralia spinosa Aralia spinosa Aralia spinosa Aralia spinosa Aralia spinosa Aralia spinosa Aralia spinosa Aralia spinosa Aralia spinosa

Photo Locations: Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA and Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR

General Notes

This deciduous, suckering tree has thick, spiny stems that extend bare up to a canopy of compound leaves. The often flat-topped canopy can extend out to an umbrella shape. Large clusters of fragrant white flowers extend above the leaves in season, followed by fruit that is relished by birds.

Has fragrant Flower.

Has thorns.

Native to Eastern United States.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

Family: Araliaceae

Additional Common Names

DEVIL'S WALKING STICK, HERCULES' CLUB, PRICKLY ASH, PRICKLY ELDER

Tree Characteristics

Erect with a High Canopy.

Umbrella Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 25 - 35 feet.

Width: 15 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity Less than 50 years.

Leaves Bipinnately Compound with Ovate Leaflets, Medium Green, Yellow, Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Summer. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Black or Purple Drupe, Very Small (Under 0.25 inches), fruiting in Fall Wildlife use it.

Bark Dark Brown or Dark Gray, Furrowed and Spiny.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Low out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 3 - 9 and 14 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Irritant Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Bees, Butterflies, and Birds.

Deer Palatable.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Aralia spinosa Tree Record." 1995-2019. Jul 23, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/aralia-spinosa >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.