SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Maui, HI, Fullerton Arboretum - Los Angeles, CA, Huntington Botanical Gardens - San Marino, CA, Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, San Diego, CA, Quail Arboretum - Encinitas, CA and UC Santa Cruz Arboretum - Santa Cruz, CA
The wood is a high-quality timber that is particularly important to the plywood industry and also used for furniture, veneer, joinery, paneling, particle board, flooring, and boats. It is grown only occasionally in Hawaii and California. Araucaria cunninghamii has no HPWRA (Hawaii Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score.
Native to Eastern Australia and New Guinea.
An Araucaria cunninghamii in City of San Dimas is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 71 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 132 inches and a crown spread of 37 feet.
Additional Common Names
HOOP PINE, MORETON BAY PINE
Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 160 feet.
Width: 20 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Small, Stiff and Triangular, Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. . Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches).
Bark Dark Brown, Rough.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 17 and 21 - 24; H1, H2.
Exposure Full Sun.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Phytophthora and Root Rot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
None Known Health Hazard.
Not Deer Palatable.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Araucaria cunninghamii Tree Record." 1995-2020. Jul 11, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/araucaria-cunninghamii >