SelecTree: Tree Detail
NORFOLK ISLAND PINE
Photo Locations: Maui and Oahu, HI, San Luis Obispo, CA, UC Santa Barbara - Santa Barbara, CA, Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA and Santa Barbara Courthouse - Santa Barbara, CA
Grown only occasionally in Hawaii and more commonly in California, this species can be distinguished from the Cook pine (Araucaria columnaris) by its straight, plumb trunk, less columnar, more open canopy, and peeling bark. Araucaria heterophylla has a HPWRA (Hawaii Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of -5 (Low Risk).
Native to Norfolk Islands.
An Araucaria heterophylla in Camarillo is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 108 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 141 inches and a crown spread of 69 feet.
Additional Common Names
NORFOLK ISLAND PINE, STAR PINE
Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 100 feet.
Width: 60 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Small, Stiff and Triangular, Medium to Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. . Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall.
Bark Dark Brown, Rough.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 17 and 21 - 24; H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Moderate Zone.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
None Known Health Hazard.
Not Deer Palatable.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Araucaria heterophylla Tree Record." 1995-2020. Apr 6, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/araucaria-heterophylla >