SelecTree: Tree Detail

JACKFRUIT
Artocarpus heterophyllus

Artocarpus heterophyllus Artocarpus heterophyllus Artocarpus heterophyllus Artocarpus heterophyllus Artocarpus heterophyllus Artocarpus heterophyllus Artocarpus heterophyllus Artocarpus heterophyllus Artocarpus heterophyllus Artocarpus heterophyllus Artocarpus heterophyllus Artocarpus heterophyllus

Photo Locations: Moanalua Gardens - Honolulu, HI

General Notes

Jackfruit trees bear large edible fruits, sometimes over 100 pounds. The seeds are also edible when roasted and the wood is valuable as timber. Jackfruit was introduced to Hawaii from the Caribbean in the late 1800s and is now occasionally found around old homes and in large gardens. Peak fruit production happens in late summer and fall. Artocarpus heterophyllus has a HPWRA (Hawaii Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 1 (Low Risk), and the Plant Pono link is: https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/artocarpus-heterophyllus/

WRA score 1, NA

Native to India.

Family: Moraceae

Additional Common Names

JACKFRUIT, JACK TREE, JACA, NANGKA

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Rounded Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 20 - 70 feet.

Width: 20 - 50 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Pinnately Lobed to Ovate, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Yellow Green. Flowers in Winter. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Prolific, Green Multiple Fruit, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer Edible.

Bark Gray, Rough or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit and Leaves.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun.

Wet but Well Drained Soil.

Clay or Loam Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Coastal Good.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Special Uses & Values

Shade Tree, Specimen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Artocarpus heterophyllus Tree Record." 1995-2020. Jul 11, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/artocarpus-heterophyllus >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.