SelecTree: Tree Detail
PURPLE ORCHID TREE
Photo Locations: Kona and Oahu, HI, Balboa Park - San Diego, CA, Alameda Plazas and Alice Keck Park Memorial Garden - Santa Barbara, CA, San Luis Obispo, CA and San Diego, CA
This small tree with two-lobed leaves and orchid-like flowers is widely grown in Hawaii and Southern California. It may require regularly scheduled light trimming of vigorous shoots to maintain its height below 25 feet. Bauhinia variegata has a HPWRA (Hawaii Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 8 (Low Risk), and the Plant Pono link is: https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/bauhinia-variegata-candida/.
Has fragrant Flower.
Native to India and China.
Additional Common Names
VARIEGATED ORCHID TREE, PURPLE ORCHID TREE, MOUNTAIN EBONY
Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Rounded or Umbrella Shape.
Has Partly Deciduous foliage.
Height: 20 - 35 feet.
Width: 20 - 35 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 40 to 150 years.
Leaves Two-lobed, Light Green, Yellow, Partly Deciduous.
Fragrant Lavender or Pink. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Brown Pod, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer.
Bark Dark Gray or Light Gray, Scaly or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 13 and 18 - 24; H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate Inland.
Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Aphids.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
None Known Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.
Special Uses & Values
Street Tree or Screen.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Bauhinia variegata Tree Record." 1995-2020. Feb 27, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/bauhinia-variegata >