SelecTree: Tree Detail
EUROPEAN WHITE BIRCH
Photo Locations: Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT, Sacramento State University - Sacramento, CA, Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, San Luis Obispo, CA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
Poor tolerance of drought. Yellow leaves in fall contrast bracefully with striking white bark.
Native to Europe to Asia Minor.
A Betula pendula in Santa Clara University is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 51 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 116 inches and a crown spread of 56 feet.
Additional Common Names
EUROPEAN WHITE BIRCH, SILVER BIRCH
Erect, Spreading or Weeping with a High Canopy.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 40 - 50 feet.
Width: 15 - 25 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 40 to 150 years.
Leaves Deltoid or Rhomboidal, Medium Green, Gold, Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring, Summer or Fall. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown or Mostly Green Winged Nut in a Cone, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer.
Bark Striking, Black or Cream, Exfoliating or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 12 and 14 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 2 - 7.
Exposure Full Sun to Full Shade.
Wet to Moist Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids and Beetle Borers, Armillaria, Phytophthora, Root Rot and Sooty Mold.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Betula pendula Tree Record." 1995-2018. Jul 20, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/betula-pendula >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI