SelecTree: Tree Detail

GRAY BIRCH
Betula populifolia

Betula populifolia Betula populifolia Betula populifolia Betula populifolia Betula populifolia Betula populifolia Betula populifolia Betula populifolia Betula populifolia Betula populifolia Betula populifolia Betula populifolia Betula populifolia

Photo Locations: Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA

General Notes

Poor tolerance of drought.

Native to Northeastern North America.

Family: Betulaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Rounded Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 20 - 30 feet.

Width: 10 - 20 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Deltoid, Medium Green, Gold, Deciduous.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring, Summer or Fall. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown, Beige or Mostly Green Winged Nut in a Cone, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer.

Bark Striking, Cream, Dark Brown or Light Gray, Furrowed or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 3 - 9 and 14 - 17.

USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 6.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Wet to Moist Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, Beetle Borers and Leaf Miner, Armillaria, Anthracnose, Crown Rot, Rust and Sooty Mold.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Deer Palatable.

Special Uses & Values

Riparian or Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Betula populifolia Tree Record." 1995-2019. Sep 17, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/betula-populifolia >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.