SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
Poor tolerance of drought.
Native to Northeastern North America.
Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 20 - 30 feet.
Width: 10 - 20 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Deltoid, Medium Green, Gold, Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring, Summer or Fall. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown, Beige or Mostly Green Winged Nut in a Cone, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer.
Bark Striking, Cream, Dark Brown or Light Gray, Furrowed or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 3 - 9 and 14 - 17.
USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 6.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Wet to Moist Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, Beetle Borers and Leaf Miner, Armillaria, Anthracnose, Crown Rot, Rust and Sooty Mold.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Special Uses & Values
Riparian or Screen.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Betula populifolia Tree Record." 1995-2019. Nov 22, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/betula-populifolia >